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Light Tutorial

Light is an electromagnetic wave similar to radio waves. It has wavelength and frequency. It travels at 300,000,000 metres per second.

Light Mirror Diagram

Wavelength, frequency and the speed of light are related. Wavelength x frequency = the speed of light. Different colours of light have different frequencies.

When a ray of light hits a shiny surface it is REFLECTED. The angle of reflection equals the angle of incidence.

Light Air Glass Diagram

When light passes from one transparent material to another it is REFRACTED (bent).

LENSES use refraction. CONVEX lenses FOCUS a beam of light to a point.

Focal Point Convex Lens Diagram

CONCAVE lenses cause the beam to DIVERGE.

Concave Lens Diagram

The PRIMARY colours which make up white light can be separated out by a glass PRISM.

Light Prism Diagram

Three of the primary colours, RED, GREEN and BLUE are used in the colour television system.
By mixing them most other colours can be made.

In the next diagram, red and green make yellow, green and blue make cyan and red and blue make magenta.

Light Three Colours Mixing Diagram

White is made by using all three colours.

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