C's standard library routine for storage allocation. It takes the number of
bytes required and returns a pointer to a block of that size. Storage is
allocated from a heap which lies after the end of the program and data areas.
Memory allocated with malloc must be freed explicitly using the "free" routine
before it can be re-used.
gc is a storage allocator with garbage collection that is intended to be used as
a plug-in replacement for malloc.
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