<artificial intelligence> A famous program by Joseph Weizenbaum, which
simulated a Rogerian psychoanalyst by rephrasing many of the patient's
statements as questions and posing them to the patient. It worked by simple
pattern recognition and substitution of key words into canned phrases. It was so
convincing, however, that there are many anecdotes about people becoming very
emotionally caught up in dealing with ELIZA. All this was due to people's
tendency to attach to words meanings which the computer never put there.
See also ELIZA effect.
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