<language> A formal language in which computer programs are written. The
definition of a particular language consists of both syntax (how the various
symbols of the language may be combined) and semantics (the meaning of the
Languages are classified as low level if they are close to machine code and high
level if each language statement corresponds to many machine code instructions
(though this could also apply to a low level language with extensive use of
macros, in which case it would be debatable whether it still counted as low
level). A roughly parallel classification is the description as first generation
language through to fifth generation language.
The other major classification of languages distinguishes between imperative
languages, procedural language and declarative languages.
Programming languages time-line/family tree.
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