<character> 1. A particular mapping between characters and byte strings,
i.e. the combination of a particular character encoding (which maps between byte
strings and integers) and a particular coded character set (which maps between
integers and characters).
For example: ASCII (the ASCII coded character set, encoded directly as
single-byte values), or UTF-8 (the Unicode coded character set, encoded with an
8-bit transformation method).
2. Occasionally: a character repertoire; or a coded character set.
characteristic function « character key « character
repertoire « character set » character set
identifier » charge-coupled device » CHARITY