Categorical Abstract Machine Language
<language> (Originally "CAML" - Categorical Abstract Machine Language) A
version of ML by G. Huet, G. Cousineau, Ascander Suarez, Pierre Weis, Michel
Mauny and others of INRIA and ENS. CAML is intermediate between LCF ML and SML
[in what sense?]. It has first-class functions, static type inference with
polymorphic types, user-defined variant types and product types, and pattern
matching. It is built on a proprietary run-time system.
The CAML V3.1 implementation added lazy and mutable data structures, a "grammar"
mechanism for interfacing with the Yacc parser generator, pretty-printing tools,
high-performance arbitrary-precision arithmetic, and a complete library. CAML V3
is often nicknamed "heavy CAML", because of its heavy memory and CPU
requirements compared to Caml Light.
in 1990 Xavier Leroy and Damien Doligez designed a new implementation called
Caml Light, freeing the previous implementation from too many experimental
high-level features, and more importantly, from the old Le_Lisp back-end.
Following the addition of a native-code compiler and a powerful module system in
1995 and of the object and class layer in 1996, the project's name was changed
to Objective Caml.
["The CAML Reference Manual", P. Weis et al, TR INRIA-ENS, 1989].
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