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Online Computer Terms Dictionary - A

autobaud

automatic baud rate detection

 


Nearby terms: Austin Kyoto Common Lisp authentication authoring autobaud autobogotiphobia AutoCAD Autocode

autobogotiphobia

bogotify

 


Nearby terms: authentication authoring autobaud autobogotiphobia AutoCAD Autocode AUTOCODER

AutoCAD

<CAD, product> A CAD software package for mechanical engineering, marketed by Autodesk, Inc.

(1994-11-09)

 


Nearby terms: authoring autobaud autobogotiphobia AutoCAD Autocode AUTOCODER autoconf

Autocode

<language> 1. The assembly language accepted by AUTOCODER.

2. A generic term for symbolic assembly language. Versions of Autocode were developed for Ferranti Atlas, Titan, Mercury and Pegasus and IBM 702 and IBM 705.

(2001-05-14)

 


Nearby terms: autobaud autobogotiphobia AutoCAD Autocode AUTOCODER autoconf autoconfiscate

AUTOCODER

<language> Possibly the first primitive compiler. AUTOCODER was written by Alick E. Glennie in 1952. It translated symbolic statements into machine language for the Manchester Mark I computer.

Autocoding later came to be a generic term for assembly language programming.

(1994-11-07)

 


Nearby terms: autobogotiphobia AutoCAD Autocode AUTOCODER autoconf autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc.

autoconf

<software, tool> The GNU project's tool that configures a source code distribution to compile and run on a different platform.

Among open source hackers, a mere running binary of a program is not considered a full release; what's interesting is a source tree that can be built into binaries using standard tools. Since the mid-1990s, autoconf, automake, and libtools have been the standard way to make a distribution portable so that it can be built on multiple operating systems without change.

(2002-09-20)

 


Nearby terms: AutoCAD Autocode AUTOCODER autoconf autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT

autoconfiscate

<software, jargon> A term coined by Noah Friedman meaning to set up or modify a source-code distribution so that it configures and builds using the GNU project's autoconf/automake/libtools suite.

(2002-09-20)

 


Nearby terms: Autocode AUTOCODER autoconf autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF

Autodesk, Inc.

<company> The distributors of the AutoCAD CAD package.

Address: Sausalito, CA, USA.

(1994-11-09)

 


Nearby terms: AUTOCODER autoconf autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP

AUTOEXEC.BAT

<operating system> The batch file containing commands, loaded by MS-DOS after running CONFIG.SYS. AUTOEXEC.BAT contains normal DOS commands and can be used for additional system configuration such as setting paths and variables, configuring network connections and running application programs.

(1995-03-18)

 


Nearby terms: autoconf autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP Auto Idle

AUTOGRAF

<tool> A system for describing bar charts.

["User's Manual for AUTOGRAF", Cambridge Computer Assoc, Dec 1972].

(2001-05-14)

 


Nearby terms: autoconfiscate Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP Auto Idle Autolisp

AUTOGRP

AUTOmated GRouPing system

 


Nearby terms: Autodesk, Inc. AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP Auto Idle Autolisp autoloader

Auto Idle

A facility provided by some Intel clock doubled microprocessors where the internal clock can be slowed to the external clock rate while the processor is waiting for data from memory, returning to full speed as soon as the data arrives.

See also System Management Mode.

(1994-11-09)

 


Nearby terms: AUTOEXEC.BAT AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP Auto Idle Autolisp autoloader automagically

Autolisp

<language> A dialect of Lisp used by the Autocad CAD package from Autodesk.

(1994-11-09)

 


Nearby terms: AUTOGRAF AUTOGRP Auto Idle Autolisp autoloader automagically automata

autoloader

stack loader

 


Nearby terms: AUTOGRP Auto Idle Autolisp autoloader automagically automata automata theory

automagically

<jargon> /aw-toh-maj'i-klee/ or /aw-toh-maj'i-k*l-ee/ Automatically, but in a way that, for some reason (typically because it is too complicated, or too ugly, or perhaps even too trivial), the speaker doesn't feel like explaining to you.

E.g. "The C-INTERCAL compiler generates C, then automagically invokes cc to produce an executable."

See magic.

[Jargon File]

(2001-05-18)

 


Nearby terms: Auto Idle Autolisp autoloader automagically automata automata theory Automated Engineering Design

automata

automaton

 


Nearby terms: Autolisp autoloader automagically automata automata theory Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system

automata theory

automaton

 


Nearby terms: autoloader automagically automata automata theory Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation

Automated Engineering Design

<language> (AED) (Or "ALGOL Extended for Design") A systems language for the IBM 7090 and IBM 360 developed at MIT System Laboratory ca. 1965 by a team led by Douglas T. Ross (now at Softech). AED is an extension of ALGOL 60 with records ("plexes"), pointers, and dynamic allocation. DYNAMO II was written in AED, as was the first BCPL compiler.

Versions: AED-0, AED-1, AED-JR.

["The Automated Engineering Design (AED) Approach to Generalized Computer-Aided Design", D.T. Ross, Proc ACM 22nd Natl Conf, 1967].

[Sammet 1969 and 1978].

(1995-03-26)

 


Nearby terms: automagically automata automata theory Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing

AUTOmated GRouPing system

<tool, mathematics> (AUTOGRP) An interactive statistical analysis system, an extension of CML.

["AUTOGRP: An Interactive Computer System for the Analysis of Health Care Data", R.E. Mills et al, Medical Care 14(7), Jul 1976].

(1994-11-07)

 


Nearby terms: automata automata theory Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing AUTOMATH

Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation

<messaging> (ARMM) A Usenet robot created by Dick Depew of Munroe Falls, Ohio. ARMM was intended to automatically cancel posts from anonymous-posting sites. Unfortunately, the robot's recogniser for anonymous postings triggered on its own automatically-generated control messages! Transformed by this stroke of programming ineptitude into a monster of Frankensteinian proportions, it broke loose on the night of 1993-03-31 and proceeded to spam news.admin.policy with a recursive explosion of over 200 messages.

Reactions varied from amusement to outrage. The pathological messages crashed at least one mail system, and upset people paying line charges for their Usenet feeds. One poster described the ARMM debacle as "instant Usenet history" (also establishing the term despew), and it has since been widely cited as a cautionary example of the havoc the combination of good intentions and incompetence can wreak on a network.

Compare Great Worm; sorcerer's apprentice mode. See also software laser, network meltdown.

(1996-01-08)

 


Nearby terms: automata theory Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools

automated testing

<testing> Software testing assisted with software tools that require no operator input, analysis, or evaluation.

(2001-05-20)

 


Nearby terms: Automated Engineering Design AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection

AUTOMATH

<language, mathematics> A very high level language for writing proofs, from Eindhoven, Netherlands.

["The Mathematical Language AUTOMATH, Its Usage and Some of its Extensions", N.G. deBruijn, in Symp on Automatic Demonstration, LNM 125, Springer 1970].

(2001-07-09)

 


Nearby terms: AUTOmated GRouPing system Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation

Automatically Programmed Tools

<language> (APT) A language for numerically controlled machine tools.

Versions: APT II (IBM 704, 1958), APT III (IBM 7090, 1961).

["APT Part Programming", McGraw-Hill].

[Sammet 1969, p. 605].

(1995-05-04)

 


Nearby terms: Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation automated testing AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation

automatic baud rate detection

<communications> (ABR, autobaud) A process by which a receiving device determines the speed, code level, and stop bits of incoming data by examining the first character, usually a preselected sign-on character. ABR allows the receiving device to accept data from a variety of transmitting devices operating at different speeds without needing to establish data rates in advance.

(1996-06-18)

 


Nearby terms: automated testing AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing

automatic hyphenation

<text> A feature of some word processors which can insert hyphens into words which would otherwise extend beyond the right hand margin of the page.

More advanced word processors may have options to control the position of the hyphen, to restrict certain words from being hyphenated, and to allow custom dictionaries of hyphenation points to be built up.

(1996-08-02)

 


Nearby terms: AUTOMATH Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification

Automatic Mathematical TRANslation

<mathematics, tool> (AMTRAN) A system developed by NASA in Huntsville in 1966 for the IBM 1620, based on the Culler-Fried System. It required a special terminal.

["AMTRAN: An Interactive Computing System", J. Reinfelds, Proc FJCC 37:537- 542, AFIPS (Fall 1970)].

(1995-11-14)

 


Nearby terms: Automatically Programmed Tools automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request

Automatic Network Routing

<protocol> (ANR) A source routing protocol used to route LU6.2 session and control traffic from node to node through a High Performance Routing network or subnet. ANR operates at the lower end of the SNA Path Control layer.

[Relationship to OS/390?]

(1997-05-08)

 


Nearby terms: automatic baud rate detection automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive

Automatic Number Identification

<communications> (ANI) A service that tells the recipient of a telephone call the telephone number of the person making the call. This number can be passed to computer equipment to automatically retrieve associated information about the caller, i.e. account status, billing records, etc.

See CTI.

(1996-12-08)

 


Nearby terms: automatic hyphenation Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator

Automatic Repeat Request

<communications> (ARQ) A modem error control protocol in which the receiver asks the transmitter to resend corrupted data.

(1995-11-14)

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Mathematical TRANslation Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation

Automatic Send Receive

<hardware> (ASR) Part of a designation for a hard-copy terminal, manufactured by Teletype Corporation, which could be commanded remotely to send the contents of its paper tape reader. The ASR-33 was the most common minicomputer terminal in the early 1970s.

(1995-11-23)

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Network Routing Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung

Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator

Mark 1

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Number Identification Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton

automation

Automatic, as opposed to human, operation or control of a process, equipment or a system; or the techniques and equipment used to achieve this. Most often applied to computer (or at least electronic) control of a manufacturing process.

See also design automation, office automation, manularity, Manufacturing Automation Protocol, PEARL, QBE.

(1994-10-21)

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Repeat Request Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton Automatrix, Inc.

Automatische Rechenplanfertigung

<language> A programming language published in 1952 by Heinz Rutishauser (1918-70).

[Features?]

(2001-07-09)

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Send Receive Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System

automaton

<robotics, mathematics, algorithm> (Plural automata) A machine, robot, or formal system designed to follow a precise sequence of instructions.

Automata theory, the invention and study of automata, includes the study of the capabilities and limitations of computing processes, the manner in which systems receive input, process it, and produce output, and the relationships between behavioural theories and the operation and use of automated devices.

See also cellular automaton, finite state machine.

(1996-04-23)

 


Nearby terms: Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System Autonomous System Number

Automatrix, Inc.

<company> The company which produced CAM-PC.

Address: Ballston Spa, NY, USA.

Home.

(1995-04-21)

 


Nearby terms: automation Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System Autonomous System Number Autopass

Autonomous System

<networking, routing> (AS) A collection of routers under a single administrative authority, using a common Interior Gateway Protocol for routing packets.

(2001-09-16)

 


Nearby terms: Automatische Rechenplanfertigung automaton Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System Autonomous System Number Autopass autoprojector

Autonomous System Number

<networking, routing> (ASN) Used for routing on the Internet.

[Does each ASN uniquely identify an Autonomous System?]

(2001-09-16)

 


Nearby terms: automaton Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System Autonomous System Number Autopass autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT

Autopass

<programming>

["Autopass: An Automatic Programming System for Computer-Controlled Mechanical Assembly", L.I. Lieberman et al, IBM J Res Dev 21(4):321-333, 1979].

(2001-09-16)

 


Nearby terms: Automatrix, Inc. Autonomous System Autonomous System Number Autopass autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT Autostat

autoprojector

<theory> A self-applicable partial evaluator.

(2001-09-16)

 


Nearby terms: Autonomous System Autonomous System Number Autopass autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT Autostat autostereogram

AUTO-PROMPT

<language> A numerical control language from IBM for 3D milling.

[Sammet 1969, p.606].

(2001-09-25)

 


Nearby terms: Autonomous System Number Autopass autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT Autostat autostereogram A/UX

Autostat

<language> A language for statistical programming.

["Autostat: A Language for Statistical Programming", A.S. Douglas et al, Computer J 3:61, 1960].

(2001-09-25)

 


Nearby terms: Autopass autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT Autostat autostereogram A/UX auxiliary storage

autostereogram

SIRDS

 


Nearby terms: autoprojector AUTO-PROMPT Autostat autostereogram A/UX auxiliary storage av
 

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