<language> ALGOrithmic Language 1960.
A portable language for scientific computations. ALGOL 60 was small and elegant.
It was block-structured, nested, recursive and free form. It was also the first
language to be described in BNF.
There were three lexical representations: hardware, reference, and publication.
The only structured data types were arrays, but they were permitted to have
lower bounds and could be dynamic. It also had conditional expressions; it
introduced :=; if-then-else; very general "for" loops; switch declaration (an
array of statement labels generalising Fortran's computed goto). Parameters were
call-by-name and call-by-value. It had static local "own" variables. It lacked
user-defined types, character manipulation and standard I/O.
See also EULER, ALGOL 58, ALGOL 68, Foogol.
["Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL 60", Peter Naur ed., CACM
3(5):299-314, May 1960].
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